Second Language Acquisition
In order for a more clear understanding of language acquisition, it is
necessary for one to be familiar with a few key terms.
Primary Language--A primary language
refers to the first language that a child learns. It is often referred
to as the "native language" or "mother tongue." It does not, however,
necessarily have to be the language of the child's parents or ethnic group.
First Language--abbreviated L1. The first language is
considered to be the language in which a person displays competency
when beginning to learn a new language. A person's L1 is not necessarily
his or her native language because sometimes certain situations, such
as imigration, require another language to become an individual's L1 in adulthood.
Secondary Language--This term is used
to refer to any language that a person learns after a primary language
has already been established.
Second Language--abbreviated L2.
A second language refers to a language that is in process of being learned
or has been learned adequately. An L2 is often used as means of communication
Foreign Language--abbreviated FL.
A foreign language is not a native language to the learner. It is generally
taught in school and is not used as a regular means of communication.
Foreign Language Teaching--abbreviated FLT.
Foreign language teaching is the act of teaching a language. It used to be considered a method in which
the teacher played the active role and the learner played the passive role.
Foreign Language Learning--abbreviated FLL.
Foreign language learning is the act of learning a language. Today the
learner plays the active role and the teacher plays the passive role
so as to provide a more natural process of learning.
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This site is maintained by Christina Conrad
Last updated: 28 May 01